TBI (a traumatic brain injury) can occur in a moment: a bad fall, a battlefield blast, or a car crash. However, the impact of these incidences can last for the whole life. This can leave the survived individual dependent on their family for day to day activities for decades.
Now, a novel tool offers a voice to those caregivers, who are engaged in spending countless time tending to the regular requirements of family members whose thinking, moods, and abilities appeared to change overnight. This tool is developed by scientists from across the country. These scientists worked with a number of caregivers of individuals with TBI. The research provides a novel standard technique to measure the mental, physical, and emotional impacts of caring for survivors of TBI. The investigators thrust that it can form the basis for a novel wave of research.
On a similar note, scientists recently demonstrated the system in which they disturbed “counterfactual thinking” in primates. Counterfactual reasoning or counterfactual thinking is said to be a sort of decision-making. It involves considering choices that are not accessible at present, however, could be in the upcoming period.
The recent study is foremost to demonstrate that a frontal brain area known as the anterior cingulate cortex can control counterfactual thinking. In a paper published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the authors explain how they changed counterfactual thinking in macaque monkeys. The scientists targeted neurons in their anterior cingulate cortex with low-intensity, noninvasive ultrasound. Study on decision-making has inclined to focus on brain circuits that direct responses to present stimuli. But, the authors highlight that animals mostly pursue behaviors for which presently there is no sensory proof. They state that to be able to do this, animals have to uphold internal representations of options, even when these options are not available.